Discussing NSSI: Language Counts

The language we use to talk about people and the behaviours they engage in is powerful. Language is the medium we use to communicate our understanding of the world, to establish social structures, define cultures, and establish meaning to phenomena and people. Language shapes the way we view the world and our place in it. The language that is commonly used when talking about NSSI and people with lived experience of NSSI is often derogatory, can perpetuate myths and foster stigma, and can make people with lived experience feel even more misunderstood and isolated.

Conversely, adopting a ‘respectful curiosity’ and being conscious of using respectful language can opened the way for helpful conversations and encourage support seeking.

Take home points:

·   Always be respectful when talking about NSSI, or people with a lived experience of NSSI

·   Poorly-considered language can exacerbate stigma among people who already feel highly stigmatised

·   Avoid language that defines a person by their behaviour (e.g., “cutter”; “self-injurer”)

·   Avoid language that is value-laden (e.g., good/bad), or propagates stigma (e.g., attention-seeking)

·   Use of appropriate language can foster open communication and facilitate support-seeking

Recommended reading:

1.           Lewis, (2017). I cut therefore I am? Avoiding labels in the context of self-injury. Medical Humanities.

2.           Hasking, P., Lewis, S.P., & Boyes, M. (2019). When language is maladaptive: Recommendations for discussing self-injury. Journal of Public Mental Health, 18, 148-152.

3.           Hasking, P., & Boyes, M. (2018). Cutting words: A commentary on language and stigma in the context of non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 206, 829-833.

NSSI and Suicide

The relationship between NSSI and suicidal thoughts and behaviours is complex. Although NSSI is not engaged with conscious suicidal intent, it is the most reliable predictor of later suicidal behaviour. People who have a history of NSSI are between 3-5 times more likely to report later ideation or attempt.

Take home points:

·   A history of NSSI is associated with increased risk of later suicidal thoughts and behaviours.

·   However predictive accuracy is relatively weak.

·   More frequent NSSI, and use of a variety of methods, are associated with increased risk of attempt, among people with a history of NSSI.

·   Suicidal intent can fluctuate over time; risk assessment and ongoing monitoring of intent among people who self-injure may be warranted.

Recommended reading:

1. Hamza, Stewart, & Willoughby. (2012). Examining the link between nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behavior: A review of the literature and an integrated model. Clinical Psychology Review, 32, 482-495.

2. Victor and Klonsky (2014). Correlates of suicide attempts among self-injurers: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 282-297.

3. Kiekens et al., (2018). The associations between non-suicidal self-injury and first onset suicidal thoughts and behaviours. J Affective Disorders, 239, 171-179.

4. Whitlock et al. (2013). Nonsuicidal self-injury as a gateway to suicide in young adults. J Adolescent Health, 52, 486-492.

5. Ribeiro et al., (2016). Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors as risk factors for future suicide ideation, attempts, and death: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Medicine, 46, 225-236.

Conference Registration Payment

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ISSS 2020 Registration

Please use the following form to register for ISSS 2020. Upon submitting the form, you will be directed to a page where you can make your payment.

Online registration will close June 20, 2020; you may also register on-site for an additional fee.

Call for Abstracts

The Executive Board of the International Society for the Study of Self-Injury (ISSS) invites abstract submissions for oral (paper) and poster presentations at this year’s annual conference, to be held June 26-27, 2020 in Vienna, Austria! We welcome submissions from members and non-members.

The abstract deadline has been extended to 11:59 PM UTC, March 7th, 2020.

All submissions require the inclusion of a title, abstract (maximum 250 words), and author list for the proposed presentation. During the submission process, you will be able to indicate whether the submission should be considered for presentation as a paper (talk/oral presentation), poster, or both. Further, oral presentations submitted as part of a symposium are welcome. There is an opportunity to specify a symposium title during the time of submission so that separate oral presentation submissions can be linked together.

You will also be able to submit your abstract for consideration for the ISSS Travel Award and the ISSS Student Award. Decisions on submissions will be made by late spring 2020.