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Domains: NSSI frequency, methods, functions, DSM-5 criteria, and other characteristics.

Full ABASI also includes assessment of NSSI body locations, treatment history, and abuse history.


Washburn, J. J., Potthoff, L. M., Juzwin, K. R., & Styer, D. M. (2015). Assessing DSM-5 nonsuicidal self-injury disorder in a clinical sample. Psychological Assessment, 27, 31–41.

Washburn, J. J., Potthoff, L. M., Juzwin, K. R., & Styer, D. M. (2015). Correction to Washburn et al. (2015). Psychological Assessment, 27, 954.


Domain: Past week urges to engage in NSSI.


Washburn, J. J., Juzwin, K. R., Styer, D. M., & Aldridge, D. (2010). Measuring the urge to self-injure: preliminary data from a clinical sample. Psychiatry Research, 178, 540–544.


Domain: Attitudes toward NSSI.


McAllister, M., Creedy, D., Moyle, W., & Farrugia, C. (2002). Nurses’ attitudes towards clients who self-harm. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 40(5), 578-586.

McAllister, M., Creedy, D., Moyle, W., & Farrugia, C. (2002). A study of Queensland emergency department nurses’ actions and formal and informal procedures for clients who self-harm. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 8(4), 184-190.


Domains: Frequency, severity, duration, and type of NSSI behavior.

How to Obtain: Contact Dr. Kim Gratz
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Gratz, K. L. (2001). Measurement of deliberate self-harm: Preliminary data on the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23, 253–263.

Gratz, K. L., Tull, M.T., & Levy, R. L. (2014). Randomized controlled trial and uncontrolled 9-month follow-up of an adjunctive emotion regulation group therapy for deliberate self-harm among women with borderline personality pathology. Psychological Medicine, 44, 2099-2112.


Domains: High risk behaviors, indirect self-harm behaviors, and NSSI in the past year, structured to reduce priming effects and other factors that may contribute to underreporting of self-harm behaviors among men. The DISH also assesses reasons for, contextual factors around, and suicidal intent of assessed behaviors.

How to Obtain: Contact Dr. Green
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Read the Documentation

Green, J.D., Hatgis, C., Kearns, J.C., Nock, M.K., & Marx, B.P. (2017). The direct and indirect self-harm inventory (DISH): A new measure for assessing high-risk and self-harm behaviors among military veterans. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 18(3), 208-14.


Domains: NSSI frequency, methods, and functions.


Glenn, C.R. & Klonsky, E.D. (2011). One-year test-retest reliability of the Inventory of Statements About Self-injury (ISAS). Assessment, 18(3), 375-378. [Link]

Klonsky, E.D. & Glenn, C.R. (2009). Assessing the functions of non-suicidal self-injury: Psychometric properties of the Inventory of Statements About Self-injury (ISAS). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31, 215-219. [Link]

Klonsky, E.D. & Olino, T.M. (2008). Identifying clinically distinct subgroups of self-injurers among young adults: A latent class analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 22-27. [Link]


Domains: Expectancies regarding outcomes of NSSI (affect regulation, negative social outcomes, communication, pain, negative self-beliefs).


Hasking, P., & Boyes, M. (2017). The Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Expectancy Questionnaire: Factor structure and initial validation: The NSSI Expectancy Questionnaire. Clinical Psychologist.


Domains: Implicit self-associations with NSSI stimuli


Nock, M.K., & Banaji, M.R. (2007). Prediction of suicide ideation and attempts among adolescents using a brief performance-based test. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 707-715. [Link]

Nock, M.K., & Banaji, M.R. (2007). Assessment of self-injurious thoughts using a behavioral test. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 820-823. [Link]


Domains: Self-harm behaviors assessed include NSSI, suicidal behaviors, intentional interpersonally destructive behaviors, and intentional medically self-harming behaviors.


Sansone, R. A., Weiderman, M. W., & Sansone, L. A. (1998). The self-harm inventory (SHI): Development of a scale for identifying self-destructive behaviors and borderline personality disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 973–983.

Sansone, R. A., & Wiederman, M. W. (2015). The self-harm inventory: A meta-analysis of its relationship to the personality diagnostic questionnaire-4 as a measure of borderline personality disorder. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 19(4), 290-293.


Domains: Frequency and reasons for engaging in four types of self-harm (body alterations, indirect self-harm, failure to care for self, and overt self-injury/NSSI), assessed by method.


Alexander, L. A. (1999). The functions of self-injury and its link to traumatic events in college students. UMI Dissertation, Services 9932285.

Santa Mina, E. E., Gallop, R., Links, P., Heslegrave, R., Pringle, D., Wekerle, C., & Grewal, P. (2006). The Self-Injury Questionnaire: evaluation of the psychometric properties in a clinical population. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 13, 221–227.


Domains: Type, frequency, duration, and functions of NSSI, as well as the affective antecedents and consequences of each NSSI type.


Claes, L., & Vandereycken, W. (2007). The Self-Injury Questionnaire-Treatment Related (SIQ-TR): Construction, reliability, and validity in a sample of female eating disorder patients. In P.M. Goldfarb (Ed.), Psychological Tests and Testing Research Trends. New York: Nova Science Publishers.


Domains: Frequency, age of onset, scarring, and methods of NSSI, as well as assessment of suicidality, risky sexual behavior, substance use, and disordered eating.


Carlson, E.B., McDade-Montez, E., Armstrong, J., Dalenberg, C., & Loewenstein, R.J. (2013). Development and Initial Validation of the Structured Interview for Self-Destructive Behaviors. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 14(3), 312-327.


Domains: Frequency, methods, and descriptive characteristics of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (both suicidal and non-suicidal), including antecedents, social factors, and functions of each type of thought/behavior.


Nock, M.K., Holmberg, E.B., Photos, V.I., & Michel, B.D. (2007). The Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview: Development, reliability, and validity in an adolescent sample. Psychological Assessment, 19, 309-317.[Link]